Capsule endoscopy: A
person swallows a capsule that contains a camera. The camera takes pictures of
possible problems in the small intestine, sending the images to a receiver worn
on the persons belt
endoscopy, EGD (esophagogastroduodenoscopy): A flexible tube with a camera
on its end (endoscope) is inserted through the mouth. The endoscope allows
examination of the duodenum, stomach, and esophagus.
endoscope is inserted into the rectum and advanced through the colon. A doctor
can examine the entire colon with a colonoscope.
Virtual colonoscopy: A test in which an X-ray machine and a computer create
images of the inside of the colon. If problems are found, a traditional
colonoscopy is usually needed.
occult blood testing: A test for blood in the stool. If blood is found in
the stool, a colonoscopy may be needed to look for the source.
An endoscope is inserted into the rectum and advanced through the left side of
the colon. Sigmoidoscopy cannot be used to view the middle and right sides of
biopsy: During a colonoscopy, a small piece of colon tissue may be removed
for testing. A colon biopsy can help diagnose cancer, infection, or
Antidiarrheal agents: Various medicines can slow down diarrhea, reducing
discomfort. Reducing diarrhea does not slow down recovery for most diarrheal
Stool softeners: Over-the-counter and prescription medicines can soften the
stool and reduce constipation.
Laxatives: Medicines can relieve constipation by a variety of methods
including stimulating the bowel muscles, and bringing in more water.
Enema: A term for pushing liquid into the colon through the anus. Enemas
can deliver medicines to treat constipation or other colon conditions.
Using tools passed through an endoscope, a doctor can treat certain colon
conditions. Bleeding, polyps, or cancer might be treated by colonoscopy.
During colonoscopy, removal of a colon polyp is called polypectomy.
surgery: Using open or laparoscopic surgery, part or all of the colon may
be removed (colectomy). This may be done for severe bleeding, cancer, or