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    Proctitis

    Outlook for Proctitis

    In most cases, anal/rectal problems like proctitis go away with treatment.

    • Because most cases of proctitis are caused by sexually transmitted infection, antibiotics may be needed.
    • Proctitis caused by other conditions, such as radiation therapy, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn's disease, may last a long time. You may need long-term therapy. Symptoms may return from time to time (in a relapse or flare-up).
    • In certain instances, where medications are not effective, you may need surgery to remove the diseased part of your gastrointestinal tract. There can be complications as a result of proctitis, especially if it goes untreated. Some complications include severe bleeding, anemia, and fistulas.
    • Fistulas may occur in many parts of the body. Women typically may get recto-vaginal fistulas in which a tube grows to connect the rectum to the vagina. Both men and women may get anal fistulas, which connect the rectum to the skin. These fistulas can also become infected and cause complications themselves.

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Melinda Ratini, DO, MS on November 21, 2014
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