Rectal Prolapse Directory
Rectal prolapse occurs when part or all of the wall of the rectum slides out of place, sometimes protruding from the anus. It can be partial, total, or contained in the lower bowel. In children, risk factors include cystic fibrosis and straining during bowel movements. In adults, primarily women, it is usually related to another intestinal problem, such as a growth of a polyp or tumor in the wall of the intestines, straining during bowel movements, weakness of pelvic floor muscles, and tissue damage during childbirth or surgery. Symptoms include fecal incontinence, anal itching, irritation and bleeding, and an urgent need to defecate. Treatment may include surgery for complete or partial prolapse. Follow the links below to find WebMD's comprehensive coverage about how rectal prolapse develops, how it is diagnosed, treated, and much more.
Repair of Rectocele or Enterocele
A rectocele (rectal prolapse) occurs when the end of the large intestine (rectum) pushes through the back wall of the vagina. An enterocele (small bowel prolapse) occurs when the small bowel pushes through the upper wall of the vagina.
Rectal Prolapse Surgery-Topic Overview
Surgeons can repair a complete rectal prolapse. They make a cut through the abdomen or the perineum. In abdominal surgery, the surgeon makes a cut in the abdomen. He or she may secure part of the large intestine or the rectum, or both, to the inside of the abdominal cavity with sutures or a piece of mesh (rectopexy). This surgery can restore a natural shape to the large intestine. The surgeon may also remove part of the large intestine and sew the ends together. Other conditions that may be present (such as a rectocele or prolapsed uterus) can also be repaired. Depending on the type of problems present, the surgeon may make a large, single cut (open surgery) or may make several small cuts along with using an instrument with a small camera that allows the surgeon to see inside the body (laparoscopic surgery). Rectal prolapse will come back in fewer than 1 out of 10 people who have this surgery.1In perineal surgery, the surgeon goes through the perineum or anus. The surgeon can place a
Rectal Prolapse in Adults-Topic Overview
Rectal prolapse in adults mostly occurs in women age 60 and older. Things that can increase the risk of rectal prolapse include:Structural malformation or damage from childbirth or injury. Some people develop rectal prolapse as a result of a condition they have had since birth, such as an abnormal structure of pelvic muscles. Also, childbirth or a back injury can damage structures, organs, or nerves in the pelvic area. This can make proper function of the intestines more difficult.Surgery. Surgery on the anus or rectum can affect rectal function. Also, surgery on a woman's reproductive organs, such as removal of the uterus (hysterectomy), makes it more likely that the other organs, such as the bladder or large intestine (colon), will move out of position. Surgery on the back or spinal cord can damage the nerves that are involved with the proper function of the intestines. Pressure on the intestines. Common causes of intestinal pressure include frequent straining during bowel
Rectal Prolapse-Topic Overview
What is rectal prolapse? Rectal prolapse occurs when part or all of the wall of the rectum slides out of place,sometimes sticking out of the anus. See a picture of rectal prolapse. There are three types of rectal prolapse. Partial prolapse (also called mucosal prolapse). The lining (mucous membrane) of the rectum slides out of place and usually sticks out of the anus. This can happen when ...
Slideshows & Images
Types of Rectal Prolapse
Picture of normal rectum and complete prolapse of rectum; Rectal prolapse happens when loose tissue in the rectum slides downward. The loose tissue may partially or completely stick out of the anus. There are three types of rectal prolapse: Complete prolapse. Part of the wall of the rectum slides down and sticks out from the anus. At first,this may occur only during a bowel movement. In later stages,the prolapse may happen when the person stands ...
Small Bowel Prolapse (Enterocele)
Image copyright 2004 by Nucleus Communications, Inc. All rights reserved. http://www.nucleusinc.comA small bowel prolapse (enterocele) occurs when the tissues and muscles that hold the small bowel in place are stretched or weakened. This can cause the small bowel to move from its natural position and press into the wall of the vagina. ...