Swallowed air. If swallowed air is not burped up,
it passes through the digestive tract and is released through the anus as gas
(flatus). Excessive air swallowing may cause hiccups.
foods and drinks, such as beans, broccoli, carbonated drinks, and beer. The
amount of gas that different foods cause varies from person to
Constipation. This can cause bloating but generally does
not increase gas.
The side effects of medicines
or supplements, such as narcotic pain medications, vitamins, iron supplements,
and many medications that are used to treat constipation.
hormone levels. Many women feel bloated right before their periods because
their bodies retain fluid.
Weakened abdominal muscles caused by
pregnancy or abdominal surgery.
Occasionally, excess gas and bloating may be caused by a more serious
medical problem, such as a bowel obstruction, liver problems, gallbladder
disease, or cancer.
Treatment depends on what is causing the problem. Call your doctor
for a checkup if you have abdominal fullness or bloating that has not gotten
better or gone away with home treatment.
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
November 14, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this