Abdominal Fullness or Bloating - Topic Overview
Abdominal fullness or bloating occurs when excess gas builds up in
the digestive tract.
Common causes of gas include:
- Swallowed air. If swallowed air is not burped up,
it passes through the digestive tract and is released through the anus as gas
(flatus). Excessive air swallowing may cause hiccups.
foods and drinks, such as beans, broccoli, carbonated drinks, and beer. The
amount of gas that different foods cause varies from person to
- The side effects of medicines
or supplements, such as narcotic pain medications, vitamins, iron supplements,
and many medications that are used to treat constipation.
hormone levels. Many women feel bloated right before their periods because
their bodies retain fluid.
- Weakened abdominal muscles caused by
pregnancy or abdominal surgery.
Occasionally, excess gas and bloating may be caused by a more serious
medical problem, such as a bowel obstruction, liver problems, gallbladder
disease, or cancer.
Treatment depends on what is causing the problem. Call your doctor
for a checkup if you have abdominal fullness or bloating that has not gotten
better or gone away with home treatment.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
July 12, 2011
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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Abdominal Fullness or Bloating Topics