People who have
cirrhosis are at risk for an infection in
the fluid (ascites) that builds up in the abdominal cavity. Spontaneous
bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is an infection of ascitic fluid that occurs
without warning or a clear cause. SBP most often occurs when a person has had
cirrhosis for a long time.
SBP infection is treated with antibiotics such as
cefotaxime (Claforan). These medicines can kill bacteria usually found in the
intestine. Your doctor may do a procedure called
paracentesis to collect a sample of fluid from the
abdomen. The fluid can be analyzed to find out which antibiotic will work best to kill the bacteria causing the infection.
Most people who are treated with antibiotics recover from the
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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