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Hemorrhoids - Medications

Medicines can help relieve symptoms of hemorrhoids. You might try one or more of the following nonprescription remedies.

  • Ointments that protect the skin, such as zinc oxide or petroleum jelly, are the best nonprescription remedies for hemorrhoids. Ointments can prevent further injury and reduce itching by forming a barrier over hemorrhoids.
  • Use suppositories, such as those made by Preparation H or Tucks (formerly Anusol), for 7 to 10 days to relieve irritation and to lubricate the anal canal during bowel movements. Some of these products contain substances that can harm anal tissues if they are used for too long.
  • Apply an ointment that contains 1% hydrocortisone, a type of steroid medicine that may relieve inflammation and itching. Your doctor may prescribe 2.5% hydrocortisone. But these products should not be used for more than 2 weeks, because they can thin the skin.
  • Apply products that contain medicine to numb an area (local anesthetic). These products often have the suffix "-caine" in the name or the ingredients. Although these products help some people, especially those who have painful external hemorrhoids, some people become allergic to them. Ask your doctor before using these products.
  • Take nonprescription pain relievers. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) can help with pain. Aspirin and other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen (Motrin) and naproxen (Aleve) can help with pain and swelling. Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label.

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: November 14, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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