Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up
Font Size

Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS) for Cirrhosis - Topic Overview

Transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) is a procedure that may be used to reduce portal hypertension and its complications, especially variceal bleeding. A TIPS procedure may be done by a radiologist, who places a small wire-mesh coil (stent) into a liver vein. The stent is then expanded using a small inflatable balloon (angioplasty). The stent forms a channel, or shunt, that bypasses the liver. This channel reduces pressure in the portal vein. By reducing portal hypertension, enlarged veins (varices) are less likely to rupture and bleed. And other complications of cirrhosis called ascites (fluid in the abdomen) and hepatic hydrothorax (fluid between the lungs and the chest wall) may improve or go away.

TIPS may be used to:

Recommended Related to Digestive Disorders

Hiatal Hernia Diet Tips

Many people with hiatal hernia, a condition in which part of the stomach bulges upward through an opening in the diaphragm, have no symptoms. For those who do, what they eat can be the difference between a good day (or night) and a bad one. Diet plays an important role in controlling the symptoms of hiatal hernia, namely heartburn and acid indigestion. When you have a hiatal hernia, it is easier for stomach acids to come up into the esophagus, the tube that carries food from your throat...

Read the Hiatal Hernia Diet Tips article > >

  • Treat fluid buildup that continues to occur in the abdominal cavity despite medical therapy (refractory ascites).
  • Treat acute variceal bleeding that is not controlled by standard treatment.
  • Prevent recurrent episodes of variceal bleeding when sclerotherapy or band ligation has failed.
  • Treat variceal bleeding while someone is waiting for a liver transplant.

Complications of the procedure may include:

  • Encephalopathy. Up to 20 out of 100 people who have TIPS surgery develop encephalopathy after the surgery.1
  • Malfunction of the stent, such as narrowing (stenosis) or closing (occlusion).
1

WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: January 17, 2012
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
Next Article:

Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Shunt (TIPS) for Cirrhosis Topics

Today on WebMD

man holding his stomach
Get the facts on common problems.
blueberries in a palm
Best and worst foods.
 
woman shopping
Learn what foods to avoid.
fresh and dried plums
Will it help constipation?
 
top foods for probiotics
Slideshow
couple eating at cafe
Article
 
sick child
Slideshow
Woman blowing bubble gum
Slideshow
 

Send yourself a link to download the app.

Loading ...

Please wait...

This feature is temporarily unavailable. Please try again later.

Thanks!

Now check your email account on your mobile phone to download your new app.

Woman with crohns in pain
Slideshow
Woman with stomach pain
Slideshow
 
diet for diverticulitis
Video
what causes diarrhea
Video