Virtual Colonoscopy - Topic Overview
If you have an average risk for colorectal cancer, virtual colonoscopy
may be an appropriate screening test for you. But if you are at an increased
risk, you may require a regular colonoscopy because tissue biopsies or polyp
removal can be done at the same time.
Virtual colonoscopy requires
the same cleansing colon prep as a regular colonoscopy. If an abnormality is
found on virtual colonoscopy, you may need a regular colonoscopy to remove and
test the abnormal tissue. Since your colon is already clean, you may have the
regular colonoscopy the same day.
Virtual colonoscopy is not
available everywhere because it requires special equipment and special training
to interpret the test. The initial evaluations on virtual colonoscopy were done
by highly trained radiologists, so the results of your virtual colonoscopy may
vary widely depending on the amount of experience your doctor's office or
clinic has with the procedure.
Virtual colonoscopy is being
studied to determine whether the results are as accurate (sensitivity) as a regular colonoscopy. More evidence
is needed to show that virtual colonoscopy is a benefit in people with average
risk for colon cancer and whether this screening method can prevent cancer.
Colon preps that are more comfortable are also being studied.