Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Complications are rare. There is a slight risk that your esophagus,
stomach, or upper small intestine will get a small hole in it. If this happens, you may need to
have surgery to fix it. There is also a slight chance of infection after an
Bleeding may also occur from the test or if a tissue
sample (biopsy) is taken. But the bleeding usually stops on its own without treatment.
If you vomit during the exam and some of the vomit enters
aspiration pneumonia is a possible risk. If it
happens, it can be treated with antibiotics.
heartbeat may occur during the test. But it almost always goes away on its own
The risk of problems is higher in people who have serious heart disease, older adults, and those who are frail or physically
weakened. Talk to your doctor about your specific
After the test
After the test, call911or other emergency services right away if you have:
After the test, call your doctor right away if
- Feel short of breath or
- Have symptoms of infection, such as fever or chills.
- Vomit blood, whether it is fresh and red or is old and looks
like coffee grounds.
An upper gastrointestinal (UGI)
endoscopy allows your doctor to look at the inside lining
of your esophagus, your stomach, and the first part of your small intestine
(duodenum). The doctor uses a thin, flexible viewing tool called an endoscope.
Your doctor may be able to talk to you about
some of the findings right after your endoscopy. But the medicines you get to help relax you may impair your
memory, so your doctor may wait until they fully wear off. It may take 2 to 4 days for some results. Tests for certain infections may
take several weeks.
Upper gastrointestinal endoscopy findings
The esophagus, stomach, and upper small
intestine (duodenum) look normal.
Inflammation or irritation is found in the esophagus, stomach, or small intestine.
Bleeding, an ulcer, a tumor, a tear, or
dilated veins are found.
hiatal hernia is found.
A too-narrow section (stricture) is found in the esophagus.
A foreign object is found in
the esophagus, stomach, or small intestine.
A biopsy sample may be taken to:
- Find out if tumors or ulcers contain cancer
- Identify a type of bacteria called
H. pyloriH. pylori or a fungus such as candida that sometimes causes infectious esophagitis.
Many conditions can affect the results of this test. Your doctor will discuss your results with you in relation to your symptoms and past health.