Inguinal hernias are the most common hernias that are
not caused by an incision in the abdominal wall.
The risk of developing hernias is higher for
infants born prematurely or with low birth weight than it is for other
Out of 100 full-term infants, 3 to 5 will have
Inguinal hernias are more common
on the right side (about 60%) than on the left side (about 30%). About 10% of
children with hernias have them on both sides.1
About 3% to 5% of men older than 45 develop
About 65% to 70% of
groin hernias in men and women result because the opening to the inguinal canal
does not close before birth (indirect hernia).2
About 30% of hernias in men occur from normal
aging and wear and tear (direct hernias), and about 1% to 2% are hernias of the
upper thigh (femoral). The reverse is true for women-30% have femoral hernias
and 1% to 2% have direct hernias.2
Aiken JJ, Oldham KT (2007). Inguinal hernias. In RM
Kliegman et al., eds., Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics,
18th ed., pp. 1644-1650. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.
Jeyarajah DR, Harford WV (2010). Inguinal and femoral hernias section of Abdominal hernias and gastric volvulus. In M Feldman et al., eds., Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease, 9th ed., vol. 1, pp. 385-388. Philadelphia: Saunders.
Primary Medical Reviewer
Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
C. Dale Mercer, MD, FRCSC, FACS - General Surgery
April 26, 2011
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
April 26, 2011
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