This information is generalized and not intended as specific medical advice. Consult your healthcare professional before taking or discontinuing any drug, changing your diet or commencing any course of treatment.
Very important. A change in your diet, medicine, or dosage may be necessary. Promptly consult your doctor or pharmacist.
How the interaction occurs:
Rivaroxaban is processed by enzymes in your intestine. Grapefruit and grapefruit juice contain compounds that slow down this process.
What might happen:
The amount of rivaroxaban in your blood may increase and cause more side effects than expected, including your risk for bleeding, including bleeding from your gums, nosebleeds, unusual bruising, or dark stools.
What you should do about this interaction:
While you are taking this medicine, you should avoid eating grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice. You may choose an alternative citrus beverage (such as orange juice).In the event that you are instructed by a healthcare professional (e.g., doctor, pharmacist, or dietitian) to eat grapefruit or drink grapefruit juice, you should immediately discuss with doctor the effects of grapefruit on the blood levels of this medicine. If you have any signs of bleeding, such as bleeding from your gums, nosebleeds, unusual bruising, or dark stools, contact your doctor right away.Your healthcare professionals may be aware of this interaction and may be monitoring you for it. Do not start, stop, or change your medicine or diet before checking with them first.
1.Bailey DG, Dresser G, Arnold JM. Grapefruit-medication interactions: Forbidden fruit or avoidable consequences?. CMAJ 2012 Nov 26.
2.Xarelto (rivaroxaban) US prescribing information. Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc. September, 2015.
3.Norvir (ritonavir) US prescribing information. Abbott Laboratories March, 2015.