Pramlintide may increase the risk of very low blood sugar when used with insulin, particularly in patients with type 1 diabetes. This reaction is most likely to occur within 3 hours after an injection. Your doctor may decrease your insulin dose when you start pramlintide. Low blood sugar makes it hard to think clearly, drive a car, use heavy machinery, or safely participate in other activities that include a risk of hurting yourself or others. (See also Side Effects and Precautions sections.)Who should not take pramlintide subcutaneous?
Pramlintide is used with mealtime insulin and a proper diet and exercise program to control high blood sugar in people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. It is used when patients who are already using insulin need better blood sugar control. Controlling high blood sugar helps prevent kidney damage, blindness, nerve problems, loss of limbs, and sexual function problems. Proper control of diabetes may also lessen your risk of a heart attack or stroke.
Pramlintide acts like a certain natural substance called amylin, which lowers blood sugar. This drug works by slowing the movement of food through your stomach. It also decreases your appetite and the amount of sugar your liver makes. Pramlintide does not replace insulin, but it may lower the amount of insulin you need.
Read the Medication Guide provided by your pharmacist before you start using pramlintide and each time you get a refill. If you have any questions, consult your doctor or pharmacist.
Inject this medication under the skin of the thigh or abdomen just before each main meal. Do not use pramlintide if your blood sugar is too low, if you are planning to eat a small meal (less than 250 calories or 30 grams of carbohydrate), or if you are skipping a meal.
The liquid in the pre-filled injector is stronger than the liquid in the vial. Make sure you are using the correct product. Do not switch between products unless directed by your doctor.
Make sure you learn from your health care professional how to measure your dose and inject this drug. Always use a new needle for each injection. Consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions. If you are storing this drug in the refrigerator, remove it and allow it to come to room temperature before injecting. Before using, check this product visually for particles or discoloration. If either is present, do not use the liquid. Before injecting each dose, clean the injection site with rubbing alcohol. It is important to change the location of the injection site daily to avoid problems under the skin. Never mix pramlintide and insulin in the same syringe or at the same injection site. Inject pramlintide in an area that is at least 2 inches (5 centimeters) away from your insulin injection site.
Your dosage is based on your medical condition, use of other medications, and response to treatment. To reduce the risk of nausea, your doctor may direct you to start at a low dose of pramlintide and gradually increase the dose. Your doctor may also direct you to lower your insulin dose and to check you blood sugar more often. Do not change your dosage without consulting your doctor. Use this medication regularly in order to get the most benefit from it.
Learn how to store and discard needles and medical supplies safely. Consult your pharmacist.
Nausea, vomiting, tiredness, and upset stomach may occur as your body adjusts to the medication. Nausea can be reduced by starting at a low dose and increasing the dose slowly. Redness, swelling and itching at the injection site may occur and usually go away in a few days. If any of these effects persist or worsen, contact your doctor or pharmacist promptly.
Remember that your doctor has prescribed this medication because he or she has judged that the benefit to you is greater than the risk of side effects. Many people using this medication do not have serious side effects.
Though pramlintide does not cause low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) by itself, this effect can occur because it is used with insulin. This may also occur if you do not consume enough calories from food or if you do unusually heavy exercise. Symptoms of low blood sugar include sudden sweating, shaking, fast heartbeat, hunger, blurred vision, dizziness, or tingling hands/feet. It is a good habit to carry glucose tablets or gel to treat low blood sugar. If you don't have these reliable forms of glucose, rapidly raise your blood sugar by eating a quick source of sugar such as table sugar, honey, or candy, or drink fruit juice or non-diet soda. Tell your doctor immediately about the reaction and the use of this product. To help prevent low blood sugar, eat meals on a regular schedule, and do not skip meals. Check with your doctor or pharmacist to find out what you should do if you miss a meal.
Symptoms of high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) include thirst, increased urination, confusion, drowsiness, flushing, rapid breathing, and fruity breath odor. If these symptoms occur, tell your doctor immediately. Your dosage may need to be increased.
A very serious allergic reaction to this drug is rare. However, seek immediate medical attention if you notice any of the following symptoms of a serious allergic reaction: rash, itching/swelling (especially of the face/tongue/throat), severe dizziness, trouble breathing.
This is not a complete list of possible side effects. If you notice other effects not listed above, contact your doctor or pharmacist.
In the US -
Before using pramlintide, tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are allergic to it; or if you have any other allergies. This product may contain inactive ingredients (such as the preservative metacresol), which can cause allergic reactions or other problems. Talk to your pharmacist for more details.
This medication should not be used if you have certain medical conditions. Before using this medication, consult your doctor or pharmacist if you have: stomach/intestinal disorders (e.g., digestion problems such as gastroparesis).
This medication should not be used by people who are unable to tell when they have symptoms of low blood sugar (e.g., children).
Before using pramlintide, tell your doctor or pharmacist your medical history, especially of: attacks of low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) that required treatment.
You may experience blurred vision, dizziness, or drowsiness due to extremely low or high blood sugar levels. Do not drive, use machinery, or do any activity that requires alertness or clear vision until you are sure you can perform such activities safely. Limit alcoholic beverages because alcohol can affect your blood sugar.
It may be harder to control your blood sugar when your body is stressed (e.g., due to fever, infection, injury, or surgery). Consult your doctor because this may require a change in your treatment plan, medications, or blood sugar testing.
During pregnancy, this medication should be used only when clearly needed. Discuss the risks and benefits with your doctor.
It is not known if pramlintide passes into breast milk. Consult your doctor before breast-feeding.
Your doctor or pharmacist may already be aware of any possible drug interactions and may be monitoring you for them. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with your doctor or pharmacist first.
Before using this medication, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all prescription and nonprescription/herbal products you may use, especially of: anti-diabetic drugs (e.g., alpha glucosidase inhibitors such as acarbose/miglitol), darifenacin, drugs for high blood pressure that may make it harder to notice symptoms of low blood sugar (e.g., clonidine, guanethidine, reserpine), drugs that slow down or speed up movement of food through your stomach (causing constipation or diarrhea such as atropine, exenatide, metoclopramide), quinolone antibiotics (e.g., levofloxacin, moxifloxacin), solifenacin.
Some other medications may not work as well if used at the same time as pramlintide. If you are using any of the following drugs, use them at least 1 hour before or 2 hours after your injection: antibiotics, birth control pills, pain relievers (e.g., acetaminophen).
If you have any questions about when to take your other medications, ask your pharmacist.
If you are using a medication that needs to be taken with food, take it with a small meal or snack (less than 250 calories or 30 grams of carbohydrate) at a time when you do not normally inject pramlintide.
Beta blocker medications (e.g., metoprolol, propranolol, glaucoma eye drops such as timolol) may prevent the fast/pounding heartbeat you would usually feel when your blood sugar level falls too low (hypoglycemia). Other symptoms of low blood sugar such as dizziness, hunger, or sweating are unaffected by these drugs.
Many drugs can affect your blood sugar levels, making it more difficult to control your blood sugar. Before you start, stop, or change any medication, talk with your doctor or pharmacist about how the medication may affect your blood sugar. Check your blood sugar levels regularly as directed by your doctor. Tell your doctor about the results and of any symptoms of high or low blood sugar. (See also Side Effects section.) Your doctor may need to adjust your anti-diabetic medication, exercise program, or diet.
This document does not contain all possible interactions. Therefore, before using this product, tell your doctor or pharmacist of all the products you use. Keep a list of all your medications with you, and share the list with your doctor and pharmacist.
If overdose is suspected, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately. US residents can call their local poison control center at 1-800-222-1222. Canada residents can call a provincial poison control center. Symptoms of overdose may include: severe nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, flushing, dizziness.
Do not share this medication, syringes, or needles with others.
You should attend a diabetes education program to understand diabetes, its complications, and all the important aspects of its treatment, including meals/diet, exercise, personal hygiene, medications, and getting regular eye, foot, and medical exams.
Keep all medical appointments. Laboratory and/or medical tests (e.g., fasting blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c) should be performed periodically to monitor for side effects and response to treatment. Check your blood sugar levels regularly before and after meals and at bedtime or as directed by your doctor or pharmacist.
If you miss a dose, skip the missed dose and resume your usual dosing schedule with the next scheduled dose. Do not double the dose to catch up.
Store injectors you are not currently using in the refrigerator at 36-46 degrees F (2-8 degrees C). Protect from light. Do not freeze. Discard injectors that have been frozen or overheated. The injector you are currently using can be stored in the refrigerator or at room temperature for up to 30 days as long as the temperature is not higher than 86 degrees F (30 degrees C). Discard the injector 30 days after first use whether or not it has been refrigerated, even if some drug remains in the injector. Keep all medicines away from children and pets.
Do not flush medications down the toilet or pour them into a drain unless instructed to do so. Properly discard this product when it is expired or no longer needed. Consult your pharmacist or local waste disposal company for more details about how to safely discard your product.
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Information last revised January 2014. Copyright(c) 2014 First Databank, Inc.
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