Skip to content
My WebMD Sign In, Sign Up

Head Congestion Cold Relief oral

Selected Inhalation Anesthetic Agents/Sympathomimetics

This information is generalized and not intended as specific medical advice. Consult your healthcare professional before taking or discontinuing any drug or commencing any course of treatment.

Medical warning:

Serious. These medicines may interact and cause very harmful effects. Contact your healthcare professional (e.g. doctor or pharmacist) for more information.

How the interaction occurs:

Sympathomimetics can increase blood pressure and heart rate, which can increase the ability of anesthetics to change the rhythm of the heart.

What might happen:

You may develop an irregular heartbeat.

What you should do about this interaction:

These medicines are used during surgical procedures or in a hospital. If you are to have either inpatient or outpatient surgery, or are to be admitted to the hospital, make sure that all the healthcare professionals are aware of all the different medicines that you are taking. This includes prescription medicines, herbal drugs, and nutraceuticals.Your healthcare professionals may already be aware of this interaction and may be monitoring you for it. Do not start, stop, or change the dosage of any medicine before checking with them first.

References:

1.Weiner N. Norepinephrine, epinephrine, and the sympathomimetic amines. In Gilman AG, Goodman LS, Rall TW, Murad F, eds. Goodman and Gilman's The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics. 7th ed. New York: MacMillan Publishing Company. 1985.
2.Katz RL, Matteo RS, Papper EM. The injection of epinephrine during general anesthesia with halogenated hydrocarbons and cyclopropane in man. Anesthesiology 1962 Sep Oct;23(5):597-600.
3.Johnstone M. Adrenaline and noradrenaline during anaesthesia. Anaesthesia 1953;8:32-42.
4.Hirshom WI, Taylor RG, Sheehan JC. Arrhythmias produced by combinations of halothane and small amounts of vasopressor. Br J Oral Surg 1965;2:131-36.
5.Andersen N, Johansen SH. Incidence of catechol-amine-induced arrhythmias during halothane anesthesia. Anesthesiology 1963 Jan Feb;24(1):51-56.
6.Matteo RS, Katz RL, Papper EM. The injection of epinephrine during general anesthesia. Anesthesiology 1962;23:360-64.
7.Joas TA, Stevens WC. Comparison of the arrhythmic doses of epinephrine during Forane, halothane, and fluroxene anesthesia in dogs. Anesthesiology 1971 Jul;35(1):48-53.
8.Wallbank WA. Cardiac effects of halothane and adrenaline in hare-lip and cleft- palate surgery. Br J Anaesth 1970 Jun;42(6):548-52.
9.Melgrave AP. The use of epinephrine in the presence of halothane in children. Can Anaesth Soc J 1970 May;17(3):256-60.
10.Forbes AM. Halothane, adrenaline and cardiac arrest. Anaesthesia 1966 Jan;21(1):22-7.
11.Reisner LS, Lippmann M. Ventricular arrhythmias after epinephrine injection in enflurane and in halothane anesthesia. Anesth Analg 1975 Jul-Aug;54(4):468-70.
12.Ikezono E, Yasuda K, Hattori Y. Effects of propranolol on epinephrine-induced arrhythmias during halothane anesthesia in man and cats. Anesth Analg 1969 Jul-Aug;48(4):598-604.
13.Ueda W, Hirakawa M, Mae O. Appraisal of epinephrine administration to patients under halothane anesthesia for closure of cleft palate. Anesthesiology 1983 Jun;58(6):574-6.
14.Kaufman L. Unforeseen complications encountered during dental anaesthesia. Cardiac arrhythmias during dental anaesthesia. Proc R Soc Med 1966 Aug;59(8):731-4.
15.Alexander JP. Dysrhythmia and oral surgery. Br J Anaesth 1971 Aug; 43(8):773-8.
16.Alexander JP, Bekheit S, Fletcher E. Dysrhythmia and oral surgery. II. Junctional rhythms. Br J Anaesth 1972 Nov;44(11):1179-82.
17.Katz RL, Katz GJ. Surgical infiltration of pressor drugs and their interaction with volatile anaesthetics. Br J Anaesth 1966 Sep; 38(9):712-8.
18.Thiagarajah S, Grynsztejn M, Lear E, Azar I. Ventricular arrhythmias after terbutaline administration to patients anesthetized with halothane. Anesth Analg 1986 Apr;65(4):417-8.
19.Katz RL, Epstein RA. The interaction of anesthetic agents and adrenergic drugs to produce cardiac arrhythmias. Anesthesiology 1968 Jul-Aug; 29(4):763-84.

Be the first to share your experience with this drug.

Review this Treatment

Find a Drug:

by name or medical condition or shape/color (Pill Identifier)

(for example: aspirin)

(for example: diabetes)

Report Problems to the Food and Drug Administration
 
You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit the FDA MedWatch website or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

Ask the pharmacist

Questions about medications? Get expert answers by video or live chat about allergies, pregnancy, sleep, and more.
See the Ask the Pharmacist event schedule.

Ask a Question

Popular Slideshows & Tools on WebMD

hands on abdomen
Can you catch one?
Woman sitting in front of UV lights
Is yours working?
woman using breath spray
What's causing yours?
womans hand on abdomen
Are you ready for baby?
MS Overview
Recognizing symptoms.
bowl of yogurt with heart shape
Eat for a healthy heart.
woman doing pushups
To help you get fit.
Colored x-ray of tooth decay
Know what to look for.
Woman sitting with child
Do you know the symptoms?
mosquito
Stings, bites, burns, and more.
Allentown, PA
Are you living in one?
Thyroid exam
See how much you know.

Women's Health Newsletter

Find out what women really need.

WebMD the app

Get trusted health information. Whenever. Wherever... with your iPhone, iPad or Android.

Find Out More

IMPORTANT: About This Section and Other User-Generated Content on WebMD

The opinions expressed in WebMD User-generated content areas like communities, reviews, ratings, or blogs are solely those of the User, who may or may not have medical or scientific training. These opinions do not represent the opinions of WebMD. User-generated content areas are not reviewed by a WebMD physician or any member of the WebMD editorial staff for accuracy, balance, objectivity, or any other reason except for compliance with our Terms and Conditions. Some of these opinions may contain information about treatment or uses of drug products that have not been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. WebMD does not endorse any specific product, service, or treatment.

Do not consider WebMD User-generated content as medical advice. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your doctor or other qualified healthcare provider because of something you have read on WebMD. You should always speak with your doctor before you start, stop, or change any prescribed part of your care plan or treatment. WebMD understands that reading individual, real-life experiences can be a helpful resource but it is never a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment from a qualified health care provider. If you think you may have a medical emergency, call your doctor or dial 911 immediately.