Deep Vein Thrombosis - Treatment Overview
you are not able to take anticoagulants, you may need a
vena cava filter or different medicines.
deep vein thrombosis in the upper leg, you will
probably need to take
warfarin for at least 3 months after initial treatment. Some people
low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH) long term instead
After 3 months, your doctor may recommend that
you continue anticoagulants to prevent deep vein clots from recurring. When you take anticoagulants, you need to take extra steps to avoid bleeding problems.
Heparin. If you take heparin:
Warfarin. If you take warfarin:
- Get regular blood tests.
- Prevent falls and injuries.
- Eat a steady diet, and pay attention to foods that contain vitamin K.
- Tell your doctors about all other medicines and vitamins that you take.
For more information, see:
- Warfarin: Taking your medicine safely.
Treatment if the condition gets worse
If your clot
continues to grow or if you develop
pulmonary embolism while on anticoagulation medicines,
vena cava filter may be inserted into a vein. This
What To Think About
Although medical experts do not
agree on the usefulness of
compression stockings, these stockings are sometimes recommended
to help relieve swelling and pain. Compression stockings can lower your chance of developing
Pregnant women are generally not given oral
anticoagulants-warfarin-because they can cause birth
defects. But anticoagulants given through an IV (unfractionated heparin)
or that are injected (low-molecular-weight heparin) usually can be given
throughout the pregnancy. Oral anticoagulants can be started immediately after
the baby is born.