Epilepsy Drugs to Treat Seizures
- This drug is approved to treat partial-onset seizures in adults with epilepsy.
- VIMPAT can be used alone or with other drugs.
- The drug comes as tablets, an oral solution, or injection.
- Side effects include dizziness, headache, and nausea.
- Treats partial, some generalized seizures and mixed seizures.
- Has few side effects, but rarely people report dizziness, insomnia, or rash.
- It is combined with other epilepsy drugs to treat partial seizures, primary generalized seizures and myoclonic (shock-like jerks of muscle) seizures.
- Side effects include tiredness, weakness, and behavioral changes.
- Used with other epilepsy drugs to treat partial and some associated generalized seizures
- Few lasting side effects; during the first weeks of treatment you may experience tiredness and dizziness.
Oxcarbazepine (Oxtellar XR)
This drug is approved to treat partial seizures in those aged 6 and older. Oxtellar XR is a once-daily medicine used with other medications to control seizures.
Common side effects include dizziness, sleepiness, headache, vomiting, double vision, and balance problems.
The drug is approved to treat partial onset seizures and primary generalized tonic-clonic seizures in those age 12 and older.
The label carries a warning of potential serious events including irritability, aggression, anger, anxiety, paranoia, euphoric mood, agitation, and changes in mental status.
- Controls partial seizures and generalized tonic-clonic seizures; also can be given by vein (intravenously) in the hospital to rapidly control active seizures, although if the drug is being delivered by IV, Cerebyx (fosphenytoin) is usually used.
- Side effects include dizziness, fatigue, slurred speech, acne, rash, gum thickening, and increased hair (hirsutism). Over the long term, the drug can cause bone thinning.
Pregabalin ( Lyrica)
- Used with other epilepsy drugs to treat partial seizures, but is used more often to treat neuropathic pain.
- Side effects include dizziness, sleepiness (somnolence), dry mouth, peripheral edema, blurred vision, weight gain, and difficulty with concentration/attention.
- Used with other epilepsy drugs to treat partial seizures with or without generalized seizures
- Common side effects include dizziness, fatigue, weakness, irritability, anxiety, and confusion.