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    What Is Epilepsy Surgery?

    How Well Does It Work?

    It depends on the type of surgery. Some people are completely free of seizures after surgery. Others still have seizures, but less often. You’ll need to keep taking anti-seizure medication for a year or more afterward. Once your doctor knows your seizures are under control, you may be able to cut back on meds or stop taking them.

    Are There Risks?

    Before you have surgery, your doctor will discuss the pros and cons with you. They include:

    • Infection and bleeding, as well as the risk of an allergic reaction to the anesthesia. These are common with any operation.
    • Making existing problems worse or creating new trouble with the way your brain works. You could lose vision, speech, memory, or movement.
    • A return of seizures.

    What Is a Reoperation?

    If you have a seizure right after surgery, your doctor may suggest a second surgery (called a reoperation). This doesn’t mean the operation didn’t work. It usually means they didn’t remove all the brain tissue that causes seizures.

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Neil Lava, MD on May 21, 2016
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