Skip to content

Eye Health Center

Your Vision in Adulthood and Middle Age

Font Size
A
A
A

Vision changes are one of the first ways your body lets you know you're getting older.

They're usually subtle at first, often beginning in middle age, and can include these problems:

Recommended Related to Eye Health

Eye Twitching

Eye twitching is a repetitive, uncontrollable blinking or spasm of the eyelid, usually the upper lid. Eye twitching (blepharospasm) usually affects the eye muscles of both eyes. If you have eye twitching, you may have an involuntary movement that recurs every several seconds for a minute or two. Most people develop a minor eyelid twitch at some point in their lives. Although the cause is generally unknown, it may be associated with: Fatigue Stress Caffeine This minor form of twitch...

Read the Eye Twitching article > >

You have to hold books and newspapers farther away to read them.

What it could be: Presbyopia, or the inability to focus up close.

Presbyopia is one of the most common vision problems in middle age. As you get older, the lens of your eye becomes less flexible. A stiff lens can't focus clearly.

What to do: If reading is harder than it used to be, make an appointment for an eye exam. You might need glasses or contacts.

Reading glasses are available with and without a prescription. You can use them for close-up viewing, like reading a menu or book.

If you need help seeing both near and far, bifocals correct for close-up and distant focus. Progressive lenses or trifocals can also help you see both near and far.

Contact lenses can help correct presbyopia without the need for reading glasses. You have several choices, including bifocal contacts. Multifocal contact lenses allow you to see near, far, and everywhere in between.

Some doctors suggest wearing a contact for near vision in one eye and for distance vision in the other eye.

Laser surgery may also be an option.

See your eye doctor to discuss your options.

 

Your eyes feel dry and irritated all the time.

What it could be: Dry eye syndrome.

As you get older, your eyes naturally make less tears. Having laser eye surgery or wearing contact lenses can make the problem worse.

What to do: Dry eyes are more than just irritating. Your eyes need to stay wet to keep them healthy. Dry eyes will hurt your vision if you let it go for a long time. If you've got mild dry eyes, artificial tears, which can be bought without a prescription, can bring back the moisture your eyes are missing. 

You should see your eye doctor if over-the-counter artificial tears don’t relieve your symptoms. There are other treatment options, and your doctor can check if the dry eyes are a symptom of a bigger problem.

1 | 2 | 3

Today on WebMD

Woman holding tissue to reddened eye
Learn about causes, symptoms, and treatments.
eye
Simple annoyance or the sign of a problem?
 
red eyes
Symptoms, triggers, and treatments.
blue eye with contact lens
Tips for wearing and caring.
 
Understanding Stye
Article
human eye
Article
 
eye
Video
eye exam timing
Video
 
vision test
Tool
is vision correction surgery for you
Article
 
high tech contacts
Article
eye drop
Article
 

Special Sections