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    Corneal Dystrophies

    It is possible that the main title of the report Corneal Dystrophies is not the name you expected.

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • congenital hereditary endothelial corneal dystrophy
    • epithelial basement membrane dystrophy
    • fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy
    • Lisch corneal dystrophy
    • granular corneal dystrophy type I
    • granular corneal dystrophy type II (Avellino)
    • lattice corneal dystrophy type I
    • lattice corneal dystrophy type II
    • macular corneal dystrophy
    • Meesmann corneal dystrophy
    • posterior polymorphous corneal dystrophy
    • Reis-Buckler corneal dystrophy
    • Schnyder crystalline corneal dystrophy
    • Thiel-Behnke corneal dystrophy

    General Discussion

    Corneal dystrophies are a group of genetic, often progressive, eye disorders in which abnormal material often accumulates in the clear (transparent) outer layer of the eye (cornea). Corneal dystrophies may not cause symptoms (asymptomatic) in some individuals; in others they may cause significant vision impairment. The age of onset and specific symptoms vary among the different forms of corneal dystrophy. The disorders have some similar characteristics - most forms of corneal dystrophy affect both eyes (bilateral), progress slowly, do not affect other areas of the body, and tend to run in families. Most forms are inherited as autosomal dominant traits; a few are inherited as autosomal recessive traits.

    An international classification of the corneal dystrophies has been developed that takes into account the chromosomal loci of the various corneal dystrophies as well as the responsible genes and their mutations. Traditionally, these disorders have classified based upon their clinical findings and the specific layer of the cornea affected. Advances in molecular genetics (e.g., identification of specific disease genes) have led to a greater understanding of these disorders.


    Lighthouse International
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    New York, NY 10022-1202
    Tel: (800)829-0500

    Eye Bank Association of America
    1015 18th Street, NW
    Suite 1010
    Washington, DC 20036
    Tel: (202)775-4999
    Fax: (202)429-6036

    NIH/National Eye Institute
    31 Center Dr
    MSC 2510
    Bethesda, MD 20892-2510
    United States
    Tel: (301)496-5248
    Fax: (301)402-1065

    Pediatric Keratoplasty Association
    c/o Gerald Zaidman, M.D.
    Westchester Medical Center
    Department of Ophthalmology
    Valhalla, NY 10595
    Tel: (914)493-1599
    Fax: (914)493-7445

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223

    Boston Foundation for Sight
    464 Hillside Ave.
    Suite 205
    Needham, MA 02494
    Tel: (781)726-7337
    Fax: (781)726-7310

    Corneal Dystrophy Foundation
    6066 McAbee Rd.
    San Jose, CA 95120
    Fax: (408)490-2775
    Tel: (866)807-8965

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site or email

    Last Updated: 6/30/2010
    Copyright 1988, 1989, 2002, 2010 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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