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Eye Health Center

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Eye Exercises

A doctor may prescribe eye exercises to help people who:

  • Can't focus their eyes in order to read
  • Have one eye that drifts outward or inward
  • Have undergone surgery and need to strengthen muscle control
  • Have strabismus or crossed eyes
  • Have amblyopia or ''lazy eye''
  • Have double vision
  • Have binocular vision problems (poor 3D vision)

Recommended Related to Eye Health

Eye Exams in Your Baby's First Year

An eye exam -- in your baby's first year? Absolutely. Children should have age-appropriate assessments for eye problems in the newborn period, and at all subsequent doctor visits. Premature babies, or those with a family history of congenital cataracts, eye tumors, and genetic disease, should be seen by an eye specialist in the nursery. All babies should be examined by age 6 months to be sure each eye focuses, the eyes are straight, and there is no internal eye disease. This can be done by your...

Read the Eye Exams in Your Baby's First Year article > >

When Should I Consider Eye Exercises?

Although scientific proof of effectiveness is lacking, there are doctors who may recommend eye exercises for eyestrain, blurred vision, headaches, increased sensitivity to bright light, tired eyes, or difficulty sustaining attention. Eye exercises will not help people who have nearsightedness, dyslexia, or excessive blinking or squinting of the eyes. Also, these exercises are usually not effective for paralysis of an eye muscle, eye muscle spasms, or eyesight problems that do not cause the symptoms mentioned above.

With conditions such as amblyopia (decreased vision in an eye due to preferential use of the other eye which develops in childhood), eye exercises may be helpful when prescribed in early childhood. Providing proper eyeglasses, if needed, is the first step. Amblyopia is then treated by patching or using eyedrops to block or blur the good eye. Vision therapy exercises can also force the brain to see through the amblyopic eye, which helps to restore vision.

What Do Eye Exercises Involve?

Eye exercises are designed to strengthen the eye muscles, improve focusing, eye movements, and stimulate the vision center of the brain. Through a series of progressive therapeutic exercises, you can be instructed on how to control your eye muscles and to see properly.

The eye exercises prescribed are usually unique to the patient and vary depending on the patient's age and other existing eye problems. Examples of different types of eye exercises include changing focus of both eyes from near to far and back to near, switching as each distance becomes clear; covering one eye with one hand and looking at different objects continuously instead of staring at just one object; concentrating the eye on a solitary object; or having the eye follow a pattern in order to build vision muscles.


WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Alan Kozarsky, MD on July 19, 2014

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