Vision correction surgery, also called refractive and laser eye surgery, is any surgical procedure used to correct vision problems. In recent years, tremendous advancements have been made in this field. After refractive and laser eye surgery, many patients report seeing better than they had at any other time in their lives.
Most types of vision correction surgery work by reshaping the cornea, or clear front part of the eye, so that light traveling through it is properly focused onto the retina...
Eyes with vision problems do not focus light where they should. Eyeglass lenses change the direction of light entering the eyes so that it focuses properly on a special part of the back of the eye known as the retina.
How Often Do You Need a New Prescription for Eyeglasses?
Call your eye doctor for an exam if your vision changes. But you should also expect to have eye exams regularly as an essential part of maintaining healthy vision. This is especially important since your eye doctor also checks for eye diseases and disorders.
The Basics of Eyeglasses
Eyeglasses may be prescribed with lenses providing:
One vision correction for all distances (unifocal)
Correction for both near and distant vision (multifocal: bifocals, trifocals, progressive, or no-line lenses)
Ultraviolet (UV) light protection -- a lens coating to block the sun's damaging and invisible UV rays
Antireflective coating to lessen light reflection off your glasses, reducing daytime glare and the nighttime "starburst" effect around lights
You may want to ask your eye doctor about other lens enhancements, such as:
Photochromatic lenses, which darken in situations where you'd otherwise wear sunglasses and act as "regular" eyeglasses in normal (usually indoor) light
Scratch protection (recommended for plastic lenses)
Tints -- typically cosmetic but also useful for people whose eyes are sensitive to light
Eyeglass frame styles change with fashion. Frames may be made from:
A combination of plastic and metal
"Specialty" metals such as titanium and carbon graphite, both highly damage resistant
Eyeglass alert! Your new eyeglasses should feel -- well, almost as if you aren't wearing them! They shouldn't rub uncomfortably against your ears or nose, fall off easily, or otherwise not feel "right." Of course, allow a reasonable amount of time for getting used to them. However, if problems persist, let your eye doctor know.
Eyeglasses for Different Activities
Some activities may call for wearing special eyeglasses. For example:
Computer work. Especially after age 40, spending long hours staring at a computer screen and focusing the eyes at specific distances may lead to eyestrain. Some eye doctors treat this problem with eyeglasses, prescribing either:
A different prescription for a person who already wears eyeglasses
A prescription for eyeglasses for someone who doesn't otherwise wear them
When indicated, the eye doctor may also recommend treatment for dry eye syndrome. When focusing intently, people tend to blink less and eyes can dry out.