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    Don't take your  eyes for granted. Take these easy steps to keep your peepers healthy.

    1. Eat Well

    Good eye health starts with the food on your plate.  Nutrients like omega-3 fatty acids,  lutein, zinc, and  vitamins C and E might help ward off age-related  vision problems like macular degeneration and  cataracts. To get them, fill your plate with:

    • Green leafy vegetables like spinach, kale, and collards
    • Salmon, tuna, and other oily fish
    • Eggs, nuts, beans, and other nonmeat protein sources
    • Oranges and other citrus fruits or juices
    • Oysters and pork

    A well- balanced diet also helps you stay at a  healthy weight. That lowers your odds of obesity and related diseases like  type 2 diabetes, which is the leading cause of blindness in adults.

    2. Quit Smoking

    It makes you more likely to get  cataracts, damage to your optic nerve, and  macular degeneration. If you've tried to  kick the habit  before only to start again, keep at it. The more times you try to quit, the more likely you are to succeed. Ask your doctor for help.

    3. Wear Sunglasses

    The right pair of  shades will help protect your  eyes from the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays. Too much UV exposure boosts your chances of  cataracts and macular degeneration.

    Choose a pair that blocks 99% to 100% of UVA and UVB rays. Wraparound lenses help protect your eyes from the side. Polarized lenses reduce glare while you drive.

    If you wear  contact lenses, some offer UV protection. It's still a good idea to wear sunglasses for an extra layer.

    4. Use Safety Eyewear

    If you use hazardous or airborne materials on the job or at home, wear safety glasses or protective goggles.

    Sports like ice hockey, racquetball, and lacrosse can also lead to eye injury. Wear eye protection. Helmets with protective face masks or sports goggles with polycarbonate lenses will shield your eyes.

    5. Look Away From the Computer Screen

    Staring at a computer or phone screen for too long can cause:

    To protect your eyes:

    • Make sure your glasses or contacts prescription is up to date and good for looking at a computer screen.
    • If your eye strain won’t go away, talk to your doctor about computer glasses.
    • Move the screen so your eyes are level with the top of the monitor. That lets you look slightly down at the screen.
    • Try to avoid glare from windows and lights. Use an anti-glare screen if needed.
    • Choose a comfortable, supportive chair. Position it so that your feet are flat on the floor.
    • If your eyes are dry, blink more.
    • Rest your eyes every 20 minutes. Look 20 feet away for 20 seconds. Get up at least every 2 hours and take a 15-minute break.