Sjögren's syndrome affects over one million people
throughout the United States and is diagnosed in women and men of all races.
Rarely occurring in children, Sjögren's syndrome is most common in white women
who are in their 40s and 50s. Nine times more women than men have Sjögren's
Sjögren's syndrome may
develop in a person who has a connective tissue disorder, such as
scleroderma, and is then classified as secondary
Sjögren's syndrome. Secondary Sjögren's syndrome develops in 10% to 25% of
people with lupus and in 30% to 50% of people with rheumatoid
Quick! Put your hands on your head. Are your glasses there? Grab your neck — are they dangling there? Now, hold your electric bill four feet from your face and try to read it....
Welcome to the midlife version of Simon Says, a nearly universal condition known as presbyopia, which translates roughly to "elderly eye" (as if crow's feet weren't enough). It usually starts in your early 40s, as the lens of the eye stiffens, losing its ability to focus and making it difficult to see objects...
Jonsson R, et al. (2005). Sjögren's syndrome. In WJ
Koopman, LW Moreland, eds., Arthritis and Allied Conditions: A Textbook of Rheumatology, 15th ed., vol. 2, pp. 1681-1705. Philadelphia:
Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Naguwa S, Gershwin ME (2008). Sjögren's syndrome. In L
Goldman, D Ausiello, eds., Cecil Textbook of Medicine,
23rd ed., chap. 289, pp. 2041-2045. Philadelphia: Saunders.
Primary Medical Reviewer
Anne C. Poinier, MD - Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Stanford M. Shoor, MD - Rheumatology
May 4, 2010
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
May 04, 2010
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