Lutein and zeaxanthin, found together in many vegetables, are potent antioxidants. In humans, they occur in high concentrations in the eye, including the lens, retina, and macula. For that reason, lutein and zeaxanthin are thought to be crucial to healthy vision.
Eye-related benefits: Lutein and zeaxanthin protect the eyes from harmful high-energy light waves, such as some ultraviolet rays in sunlight. Studies suggest that high levels of lutein and zeaxathin in eye tissue are associated with better vision, especially in dim light or where glare is a problem. Diets rich in these two antioxidants appear to protect against age-related eye diseases. For example, one study found that people with diets high in foods rich in zeaxanthin -- particularly spinach, kale, and broccoli -- are up to 50% less likely to develop cataracts. A major study (called AREDS2) has shown that supplements containing lutein and zeaxanthin can slow the progression of macular degeneration if you already have it. A test called macular pigment optical density is now being used by eye care specialists to measure levels of lutein and zeaxanthin in eye tissue.
Pterygium (pronounced tur-IJ-ee-um) is a common eye condition that affects people who spend a lot of time outdoors. Because it often affects surfers, it is also known as surfer's eye. It can affect anyone, though, even children who don’t wear sunglasses outside.
People with pterygium have a growth of pink, fleshy tissue on the white of the eye. The growth usually forms on the side closest to the nose and grows toward the center of the eye.
Pterygium is a noncancerous lesion that usually grows slowly...