Age-related macular degeneration can be detected in a routine eye exam. One of the most common early signs of macular degeneration is the presence of drusen -- tiny yellow deposits under the retina. Your doctor can see these when examining your eyes. Your doctor may also ask you to look at an Amsler grid -- a pattern of straight lines that resemble a checkerboard. Some of the straight lines may appear wavy to you, or you may notice that some of the lines are missing. These can be signs of macular...
Researchers have identified both hereditary and environmental factors.
Although you can't change your genes, you can help preserve your delicate
retina if you stop smoking and reduce harmful UV ray exposure from sunlight by
wearing protective eyewear.
Most vision loss from ARMD is the result of leakage from abnormal blood
vessels that grow underneath the retina. Prompt treatment is essential, so tell
your mother to test her vision regularly with the Amsler Grid, which she can
get from her eye doctor. Have her tape the grid to the bathroom mirror or the
refrigerator door, and notify her eye doctor immediately if she notices any
changes in how well she sees the lines on the grid.
As for supplements, certain amounts of vitamins C and E, beta carotene,
zinc, and copper reduced participants' risk of developing advanced ARMD by 25%,
according to the National Eye Institute's Age-Related Eye Disease Study.