There is no cure, but age-related macular degeneration treatments may prevent severe vision loss or slow the progression of the disease considerably. Several treatment options are available, including:
Anti-angiogenic drugs. These medications -- injected into the eye -- block the development of new blood vessels and leakage from the abnormal vessels within the eye that cause wet macular degeneration. This treatment has been a major change in the treatment of this condition and many patients...
Researchers have identified both hereditary and environmental factors.
Although you can't change your genes, you can help preserve your delicate
retina if you stop smoking and reduce harmful UV ray exposure from sunlight by
wearing protective eyewear.
Most vision loss from ARMD is the result of leakage from abnormal blood
vessels that grow underneath the retina. Prompt treatment is essential, so tell
your mother to test her vision regularly with the Amsler Grid, which she can
get from her eye doctor. Have her tape the grid to the bathroom mirror or the
refrigerator door, and notify her eye doctor immediately if she notices any
changes in how well she sees the lines on the grid.
As for supplements, certain amounts of vitamins C and E, beta carotene,
zinc, and copper reduced participants' risk of developing advanced ARMD by 25%,
according to the National Eye Institute's Age-Related Eye Disease Study.