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Could Caffeine Help Dry Eye?

Scientists Find Caffeine May Boost Tear Production
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WebMD Health News
Reviewed by Louise Chang, MD

April 20, 2012 -- Caffeine can increase tear production and may someday be a treatment for dry eye, a new study shows.

The study was small, including only 78 people with normal tear production, says researcher Reiko Arita, MD, PhD, a clinical researcher at the University of Tokyo School of Medicine and an associate professor at Keio University in Japan.

She also found those with certain genetic variations had more tears in their response to caffeine. These variations differ among ethnic groups.

"However," she says, "I suppose a third to a half of the population has the possibility to respond to caffeine.''

The study is published in the journal Ophthalmology.

About 5% of the U.S. population has dry eye syndrome, usually over the age of 50, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Those who have it are not able to maintain a healthy layer of tears to coat the eye. The eyes can sting and burn.

Treatments include wetting drops or artificial tears, lubricating ointments, hot compresses, and prescription medicine to increase tear production.

For most people, moderate amounts of caffeine is not harmful, according to the National Institutes of Health. However, too much caffeine can make you restless, anxious, and irritable. It may also keep you from sleeping well and cause headaches, abnormal heart rhythms, or other problems. If you stop using caffeine, you could get withdrawal symptoms.

Some people are more sensitive to the effects of caffeine than others and should limit their use of caffeine. So should pregnant and nursing women. Certain drugs and supplements may interact with caffeine.

Caffeine for Dry Eye: Study Details

In earlier research, Arita found that caffeine users were less likely to get dry eye. "Actually, this study was started because a patient with dry eye told me that his eyes were more comfortable when he had a cup of coffee after lunch than without having a cup of coffee," Arita says.

Women are more likely than men to have dry eye, as are older people. Certain medicines as well as laser eye surgery can increase the risk of getting dry eye.

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