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Age-Related Macular Degeneration - Treatment Overview

There is no cure for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), but certain treatments may delay vision loss.

Your doctor can refer you to counselors who specialize in helping people adjust to living with low vision.

Dry AMD

Follow your doctor's advice for having regular exams and for watching the condition at home (such as using an Amsler grid camera.gif), because dry AMD can sometimes develop into wet AMD.

Vitamins and diet changes may help slow vision loss. For more information, see Home Treatment.

Wet AMD

Treatment for wet AMD can sometimes slow down or delay further damage to your central vision. But in most cases, growth of fragile new blood vessels in wet AMD starts again. And even repeated treatment is usually not effective over the long term in preventing some loss of central vision.

Treatments include:

  • Injected medicines, which may help slow vision loss.
  • Laser surgery, which uses an intense beam of light to burn small areas of the retina and the abnormal blood vessels beneath the macula.
  • Photodynamic therapy, which uses a light-sensitive medicine to block abnormal blood vessels beneath the macula.

Because wet AMD often causes rapid and severe loss of central vision, it is important not to delay treatment if your doctor recommends it.

    This information is produced and provided by the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National Cancer Institute via the Internet web site at http:// cancer .gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.

    WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

    Last Updated: September 09, 2014
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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