The American Academy of Pediatrics
(AAP) and the American Academy of Ophthalmologists
(AAO) recommend that all children have an
eye exam during the newborn period and again
at all routine
Vitamin E is a potent antioxidant that exists in different forms. Alpha-tocopherol vitamin E is the form that best meets our needs. Vitamin E's main role in the body appears to be neutralizing oxidation. For that reason, researchers think it plays an important role in protecting certain parts of the eye, which is particularly susceptible to oxidative damage. Cataracts, for example, are believed to be formed by oxidation in the lens of the eye caused mostly by UV rays in sunlight.
The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force
(USPSTF) recommends screening
(tests) to detect lazy eye
(amblyopia), misaligned eyes
(strabismus), and defects in
visual acuity in children between the ages of 3 and 5 years.2
The AAP recommends that
vision screening start around age 3 and occur each year at ages 4, 5, and 6.
After that, screening should occur at ages 8, 10, 12, 15, and 18.3
The AAO recommends that
vision screening start around age 3 and occur each year at ages 4 and 5. After
age 5, the AAO recommends screening every 1 to 2 years.4
Children who have refractive errors or have a disease that affects the eyes
and teens with a disease that affects the eyes can follow the eye
exam and vision testing schedule for all children. It's best that they see an
eye doctor (specialist) for their eye care.
At least once a year, most eye doctors want to check the vision
of children and teens that have
refractive errors that impact their sight. If
nearsightedness is severe or quickly gets worse in a child, he or
she will need exams more often.
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
March 08, 2013
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this