Glaucoma - Exams and Tests
Because people with glaucoma may have normal
pressures in their eyes, measuring eye pressure (tonometry) should not be used
as the sole screening test for glaucoma. It should be combined with other tests
before glaucoma can be diagnosed.
If you are younger than 40 and have no known risk factors for glaucoma, the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) recommends that you have a complete eye exam every 5 to 10 years. This includes tests that check for
glaucoma.7 The AAO suggests more frequent routine eye exams as you age.
The AAO also suggests that people who are at risk for glaucoma have complete eye exams according to the schedule below:
- Ages 40 to 54, every 1 to 3 years
- Ages 55 to 64, every 1 to 2 years
- Ages 65 and older, every 6 to 12 months
People at increased risk for glaucoma include those who:8
- Are middle-aged and older. The chance of getting glaucoma gets higher as you age, especially after age 40.
- Have a
family history of glaucoma.
- Have high eye pressure (high intraocular pressure).
- Are African Americans (for OAG),
East Asians, and people with East Asian ancestry (for CAG).
farsighted (greater risk of developing CAG).
- Have had an eye injury or eye surgery, such as
- Have high blood pressure (hypertension).
- Have been taking
After reviewing all of the research, the U.S. Preventive
Services Task Force
(USPSTF) has not recommended for or against routine glaucoma
screening for all adults.9