Most of the risk factors (such as age,
race, and family history) for
glaucoma are beyond your control. If you are under age 40 and have no known risk factors, you need to have an eye exam that includes tests for glaucoma every 5 to 10 years.7 These tests may be done by an
optometrist or an
ophthalmologist. If there is a history of glaucoma in
your family or if you have other risk factors for glaucoma, talk with your
doctor about having more frequent exams. If you are at increased
risk, you need to have regular eye exams by an ophthalmologist.