Symptoms of closed-angle glaucoma can be mild, with symptoms like blurred
vision that last only for a short time. Severe signs of closed-angle glaucoma
include longer-lasting episodes of blurred vision or pain in or around the eye.
You may also see colored halos around lights, have red eyes, or feel sick to
your stomach and vomit.
In congenital glaucoma, signs
can include watery eyes and sensitivity to light. Your baby may rub his or her
eyes, squint, or keep the eyes closed much of the time.
How is glaucoma diagnosed?
Your doctor will ask
questions about your symptoms and do a physical exam. If your doctor thinks you
have glaucoma, you will be sent to an ophthalmologist for more tests. This may
take more than one visit.
An ophthalmologist or an optometrist can diagnose and treat glaucoma. An
optician cannot diagnose or treat this disease.
See your doctor if you notice blind spots in your vision or if
over time you are having more trouble seeing. It's also a good idea to be
checked for the disease if you have a family history of open-angle glaucoma,
are age 40 or older, have diabetes, or have other risk factors for glaucoma.
How is it treated?
Glaucoma is usually treated
with medicine such as eyedrops. Be sure to follow a daily schedule for your
eyedrops so that they work the way they should. You will likely need to take
medicine for the rest of your life. You may also need laser treatment or
In adults, treatment can't bring back vision that has
been lost, but it can keep your vision from getting worse. Treatment aims to
stop more damage to the optic nerve by lowering the pressure in the eyes.
How do you cope with glaucoma?
Learning that you
have glaucoma can be hard, since much of your vision may be gone by the time it
is detected. With counseling and training, you can find ways to keep your
quality of life. You can use vision aids, such as large-print items and special
video systems, to help you cope with reduced eyesight. You can also create a
support group of people who can help with tough tasks.
Frequently Asked Questions