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A Parent's Guide to Kids' Vaccines

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• What it's for: Prevents cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancer caused by Human Papillomavirus (HPV) types 16 and 18, and genital warts caused by HPV types 6 and 11. Used to vaccinate girls and women ages 9 through 26 years of age.

Common side effects: Headache, fever, nausea, dizziness, syncope (fainting), injection site pain, swelling, redness, itchiness or bruising.

Tell your health care provider beforehand if: The individual has had an allergic reaction to baker’s yeast or another component of HPV vaccine, or to a previous dose of the vaccine.


Influenza Virus Vaccine, Inactivated

What it's for: Protects (immunizes) children as young as six months (depending on the specific age indications of the vaccine) and adults against the three influenza virus strains contained in the vaccine. Influenza is a contagious respiratory virus that can cause mild to severe illness. More than 200,000 individuals are hospitalized each year from flu-related complications, and approximately 36,000 deaths each year in the United States are from flu-related causes. The elderly, young children, and people with certain health conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, or heart disease) are at high risk for serious flu complications. Complications from influenza include bacterial pneumonia, ear infections, sinus infections, dehydration, and worsening of chronic medical conditions such as congestive heart failure, asthma or diabetes. The strains of influenza virus that cause disease in people frequently change, so yearly vaccination is needed to provide protection against the influenza viruses likely to be in circulation each winter. This is a killed (inactivated) virus vaccine, so you can't get influenza from this vaccine.

Common side effects: Pain, redness and swelling at the injection site, low grade fever, and muscle aches, headache, fatigue and general feeling of being unwell.

Tell your health care provider beforehand if: The individual is moderately or severely ill, has a bleeding disorder or is on anticoagulant therapy, or has ever had an allergic reaction to eggs, latex, or to a previous dose or another component of the flu vaccine, or had Guillain-Barre Syndrome (GBS) within six weeks of receipt of a prior influenza vaccine.

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