A medication error is any preventable event that may cause or lead to inappropriate medication use or harm to a patient. Since 2000, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has received more than 95,000 reports of medication errors. FDA reviews reports that come to MedWatch, the agency's adverse event reporting program.
"These reports are voluntary, so the number of actual medication errors is believed to be higher," says Carol Holquist, R.Ph., Director of the Division of Medication Error Prevention...
While most medications don't affect driving ability, some prescription and over-the-counter (OTC) medicines can cause reactions that may make it unsafe to drive.
These reactions may include
inability to focus or pay attention
Driving while on medications can also be a legal issue. State laws differ, but being found driving under the influence of certain medications (prescription and OTC products) could get you in the same kind of trouble as people caught driving under the influence of alcohol.
Products That Require Caution
Knowing how your medications-or any combination of them-affect your ability to drive is clearly a safety measure involving you, your passengers, and others on the road.
Products that could make it dangerous to drive include
prescription drugs for anxiety
products containing codeine
some cold remedies and allergy products
diet pills, "stay awake" drugs, and other medications with stimulants (e.g. caffeine, ephedrine, pseudoephedrine)
Products that contain stimulants may cause excitability or drowsiness. Also, never combine medication and alcohol while driving.
If You Have To Drive
Let's say that you must take medications that could affect your driving. But you also have to get to work, pick up the kids from school or sports practice, or run errands. Here are some tips for what to do:
Don't stop using your medicine unless your doctor tells you to. Take medications at prescribed levels and dosages.
Talk to your health care professionals about side effects. Doctors and pharmacists can tell you about known side effects of medications, including those that interfere with driving. Request printed information about the side effects of any new medicine.
Inform health care professionals about all of the products you are taking, including prescription, OTC, and herbal products. Also, let them know about any reactions you may experience.
Health care professionals may be able to
adjust the dose
adjust the timing of doses or when you use the medicine
add an exercise or nutrition program to lessen the need for medicine
change the medicine to one that causes less drowsiness
Monitor yourself. Learn to know how your body reacts to the medicine and supplements. Keep track of how you feel, and when the effects occur.
Carry a medication list. In case of an emergency, carry a list of all medications you are taking, including product names and dosages.