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CPR for Children

4. Do rescue breathing

  • To open the airway, lift the child’s chin up with one hand. At the same time, tilt the head back by pushing down on the forehead with the other hand. Do not tilt the head back if the child is suspected of having a neck or head injury.
  • For a child, cover his mouth tightly with yours. Pinch the nose closed and give breaths.
  • For a baby, cover the mouth and nose with your mouth and give breaths.
  • Give the child two breaths, watching for the chest to rise each time. Each breath should take one second.

5. Repeat compressions and rescue breathing if the child is still not breathing

  • Two breaths can be given after every 30 chest compressions. If someone else is helping you, you should give 15 compressions, then 2 breaths.
  • Continue this cycle of 30 compressions and 2 breaths until the child starts breathing or emergency help arrives.
  • If you are alone with the child and have done 2 minutes of CPR (about 5 cycles of compressions and breathing), call 911 and find an AED.

6. Use an AED as soon as one is available

For children age 9 and under, use a pediatric automated external defibrillator (AED), if available. If a pediatric AED is not available, or for children age 1 and older, use a standard AED.

  • Turn on the AED.
  • Wipe the chest dry and attach the pads.
  • The AED will give you step-by-step instructions.
  • Continue compressions and follow AED prompts until emergency help arrives or the child starts breathing.

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Daniel Brennan, MD on December 24, 2013
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