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    Hands-Only CPR for Adults

    Call 911 if a person:

    • Collapses
    • Becomes unresponsive

    • Collapses
    • Becomes unresponsive

    1. Check Responsiveness

    • Tap the person's shoulder and shout, "Are you OK?"
    • Look for normal breathing. Call 911 if there is no response.
    • Start Hands-Only CPR.
    • Hands-Only CPR should not be used for adults whose cardiac arrest is due to drug overdose, near-drowning, or an unwitnessed cardiac arrest. In these cases, do a conventional CPR combination of chest compressions and rescue breathing.

    Note: For hands-only CPR instructions, watch this video from the American Heart Association.

    2. Do Chest Compressions

    • Place the heel of your hand on the center of the person's chest.
    • Place the heel of your other hand on top of your first hand, lacing fingers together.
    • Keep arms straight and your shoulders directly over your hands.
    • Push hard and fast, compressing chest at least 2 inches.
    • Let chest rise completely before pushing down again.
    • Compress at least 100 times per minute.

    3. Stop Only if:

    • The person starts breathing normally.
    • A trained responder or emergency help takes over.
    • You are too exhausted to continue.
    • There is an automated external defibrillator (AED) to use.

    4. Use an AED as Soon as One Is Available

    • Turn on the AED. It will give you step-by-step instructions.
    • Wipe chest dry.
    • Attach the pads.
    • Plug in connector, if needed.
    • Make sure no one is touching the person. Say "Clear" so that people know to stay back and not touch the person.
    • Push the "Analyze" button if necessary.
    • If a shock is advised, push the "Shock" button.
    • Resume compressions and follow AED prompts.

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by William Blahd, MD on January 21, 2016

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