Call 911 if the person:
- Is vomiting repeatedly
- Has unequal pupils
- Is confused or agitated
- Has weakness on one side of the body
- Passes out or is unconscious
- Is very drowsy or unable to wake up
- Has neck pain after a fall
- Has slurred speech
- Has a seizure
1. Prevent Swelling and Further Injury
- Have the person stop activity and rest.
- Apply ice wrapped in a washcloth.
2. Treat Symptoms
- For pain, take over-the-counter acetaminophen (Tylenol). Aspirin or ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) may make bruising worse.
3. Monitor Symptoms
- If possible, stay with the person for 24 hours.
4. When to Call a Doctor
Anyone with a suspected concussion should be seen by a doctor. Once discharged, seek immediate medical care again if any of these symptoms develop:
- A headache that seems to be getting worse
- Continued vomiting
- Increased drowsiness or dizziness
- Increased confusion
Young children may not have the same symptoms as adults. Seek immediate medical help if your child will not nurse or eat after a head injury or if you cannot get them to stop crying.
- Symptoms will likely improve in 7 to 10 days. Call your doctor if symptoms persist or worsen.