Burns and Electric Shock - Prevention
Teach children safety rules for
matches, fires, electrical outlets, electrical cords, stoves, and chemicals.
Keep in mind
child safety considerations. Prevention tips for children include the following:
- Keep matches and flames, such as candles or
lanterns, out of the reach of children. Keep small children away from stoves
and ovens when you are cooking, and do not place pot handles where a child can
reach them. Do not let children play with any small appliances such as curling
irons, hair dryers, toasters, or heating pads.
- Never hold a child
while smoking or drinking a hot liquid, because any sudden movement by the
child could cause a burn.
- Never leave hot
foods or liquids within reach of children, such as on the edges of tables or
counters. Also, be cautious about leaving hot liquids on a table with a
tablecloth that young children can reach and pull down.
- Prevent electrical, chemical, friction, and heat burns in young children:
electrical cords away from a child's reach. A child chewing on a cord could
cause an electrical burn of the mouth. Cover electrical outlets so children
will not stick items in the outlet.
- Do not allow children to remove
hot items from the oven or microwave. Use caution whenever heating baby bottles
in the microwave so that the liquid does not get too hot. A liner may burst or
a lid may not be secure, and when the bottle is tipped for feeding, the hot
contents may burn the baby. For this reason, most doctors recommend that
bottles not be heated in the microwave.
- Store cleaning solutions and chemicals out of the reach
- Friction burns can cause small cuts and scrapes. Don't pull or drag your child across carpet while playing.
- Teach children who are old
enough to understand to stop, drop, and roll if their
clothing catches on fire so they can help put out the flame and prevent getting
- Buy children's sleepwear made of flame-retardant
fabric. Dress children in flame- and fire-retardant clothing. Older adults need
to be careful about wearing clothing with loose material that could catch on
- Keep woodstoves and fireplaces in good working condition, and
use screens to keep children a safe distance away. Keep portable heaters,
furnaces, water heaters, and small appliances in good working
Reduce the risk of a lightning strike
avoid placing camping tents under tall trees, near bodies of water, or on the
highest hill in an area. Seek shelter in a covered area, such as a car, if you
get caught outdoors in bad weather. If no shelter is available, lie on the
ground in a ditch or take cover in a thick grove of trees, where lightning
striking a single tree is unlikely.
- Avoid handling metal or electrical
- Avoid or stop using any machines outdoors.
out of water and off of boats.