All pool owners should be certified in
CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation).
child is missing, look immediately in the pool. Every second counts in drowning
Never let your child swim without an adult
Always have your child wear a life jacket when swimming or
Inflatable toys or mattresses should not be used when
young children are swimming in water above the waist.
from the pool when they are not in use. Young children attracted to the toys
can fall in when reaching for them.
Any doors leading from the
house to the pool should be fitted with an alarm that sounds anytime the door
is opened unexpectedly.
Install a power safety cover for when the pool isn't in use. This is a motor-powered device that acts as a barrier over the
Keep rescue equipment by the pool. This includes a portable
phone with emergency numbers, a life preserver, and a shepherd's hook.
Above-ground pools that aren't in use should be inaccessible.
Secure steps and ladders to prevent an unsupervised child from climbing into
Install underwater pool alarms that can be heard inside
the house and in nearby areas. Alarms that can be used with pool covers are
Install fences and walls around the entire pool.
Fences should be at least
4 ft (1.2 m) high, with
self-closing and self-latching gates. Latches should be out of a young child's
Hot tubs and spas
Hot tubs and spas often are an overlooked drowning danger for
children. Drowning can result from unintentional falls into the water, from
hair that becomes tangled in drains or jets, or from body parts becoming
Consider keeping hot tubs and spas off-limits to young children. Talk
to your doctor before allowing children younger than age 5 to use