Find Information About:

Drugs & Supplements

Get information and reviews on prescription drugs, over-the-counter medications, vitamins, and supplements. Search by name or medical condition.

Pill Identifier

Pill Identifier

Having trouble identifying your pills?

Enter the shape, color, or imprint of your prescription or OTC drug. Our pill identification tool will display pictures that you can compare to your pill.

Get Started

My Medicine

Save your medicine, check interactions, sign up for FDA alerts, create family profiles and more.

Get Started

WebMD Health Experts and Community

Talk to health experts and other people like you in WebMD's Communities. It's a safe forum where you can create or participate in support groups and discussions about health topics that interest you.

  • Second Opinion

    Second Opinion

    Read expert perspectives on popular health topics.

  • Community


    Connect with people like you, and get expert guidance on living a healthy life.

Got a health question? Get answers provided by leading organizations, doctors, and experts.

Get Answers

Sign up to receive WebMD's award-winning content delivered to your inbox.

Sign Up

First Aid & Emergencies

Font Size

Child Safety: Drowning Prevention in Pools and Hot Tubs - Topic Overview

Swimming pools

Most childhood drownings occur in swimming pools. When visiting public or private pools, make sure that your children are supervised closely and that they are familiar with pool safety rules.

If you have a pool at your home, use these tips to help prevent drowning tragedies:1

Recommended Related to First Aid

Understanding Dizziness -- Treatment

Because dizziness can involve so many parts of the body -- the ears, brain, or heart, to name a few -- your doctor will probably take a careful history of your symptoms, do a brief exam, and make a proper referral to a specialist if necessary. Make sure you describe the sensation you feel thoroughly, since dizziness can be many things to many people.

Read the Understanding Dizziness -- Treatment article > >

Pool safety

  • All pool owners should be certified in CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation).
  • If a child is missing, look immediately in the pool. Every second counts in drowning accidents.
  • Never let your child swim without an adult present.
  • Always have your child wear a life jacket when swimming or boating.
  • Inflatable toys or mattresses should not be used when young children are swimming in water above the waist.
  • Remove toys from the pool when they are not in use. Young children attracted to the toys can fall in when reaching for them.
  • Any doors leading from the house to the pool should be fitted with an alarm that sounds anytime the door is opened unexpectedly.

Pool equipment

  • Install a power safety cover for when the pool isn't in use. This is a motor-powered device that acts as a barrier over the water.
  • Keep rescue equipment by the pool. This includes a portable phone with emergency numbers, a life preserver, and a shepherd's hook.
  • Above-ground pools that aren't in use should be inaccessible. Secure steps and ladders to prevent an unsupervised child from climbing into the pool.
  • Install underwater pool alarms that can be heard inside the house and in nearby areas. Alarms that can be used with pool covers are recommended.
  • Install fences and walls around the entire pool. Fences should be at least 4 ft (1.2 m) high, with self-closing and self-latching gates. Latches should be out of a young child's reach.

Hot tubs and spas

Hot tubs and spas often are an overlooked drowning danger for children. Drowning can result from unintentional falls into the water, from hair that becomes tangled in drains or jets, or from body parts becoming trapped.

Consider keeping hot tubs and spas off-limits to young children. Talk to your doctor before allowing children younger than age 5 to use them.

    Next Article:

    Child Safety: Drowning Prevention in Pools and Hot Tubs Topics

    Today on WebMD

    Antibiotic on hand
    3d scan of fractured skull
    Father putting ointment on boy's face
    Person taking food from oven
    sniffling child
    wound care true or false
    caring for wounds
    Harvest mite

    Pollen counts, treatment tips, and more.

    It's nothing to sneeze at.

    Loading ...

    Sending your email...

    This feature is temporarily unavailable. Please try again later.


    Now check your email account on your mobile phone to download your new app.

    WebMD the app

    Get first aid information. Whenever. Wherever... with your iPhone, iPad or Android.

    Find Out More