Care for a Skin Wound - Topic Overview
Clean the wound
If you are not going to see your doctor immediately, rinse the wound for at least 5 to 10 minutes. Let the injured person clean his or her own wound, if
- Wash your hands well with soap and water, if available.
- Put on medical gloves before cleaning the wound, if available.
- Remove large pieces of dirt or other debris from the wound with cleaned tweezers. Do not push the tweezers
deeply into the wound.
- Wash the wound under running tap water (the more the better) to remove all the dirt, debris, and bacteria from
the wound. Lukewarm water and mild soap, such as Ivory dishwashing soap, are the best. (Note: If you are
cleaning a wound near the eye, don't get soap in the eye.)
- Scrub gently with a washcloth. (Moderate scrubbing may be needed if the wound is very dirty.) Hard
scrubbing may actually cause more damage to the tissue and increase the chance of infection. Scrubbing
the wound will probably hurt and may increase bleeding, but it is necessary to clean the wound thoroughly.
- If you have a water sprayer in your kitchen sink, try using the sprayer to wash the wound. This usually
removes most of the dirt and other objects from the wound. Avoid getting any spray from the wound into
- Large, minor, dirty wounds may be easier to clean in the shower.
- If some dirt or other debris remains in the wound, repeat the cleaning.
Bandage the wound
Consider bandaging the wound if you need to protect it from getting dirty or irritated. Choose the bandage
carefully. There are many products available. Before you buy or use one, be sure to read the label carefully
and follow the label's instructions when you apply the bandage.
Use of an antibiotic ointment has not been shown to affect healing. If you choose to use an antibiotic ointment,
such as polymyxin B sulfate (for example, Polysporin) or bacitracin, apply the ointment lightly. The ointment
will keep the bandage from sticking to the wound. Be sure to read the product label about skin sensitivity. If a
skin rash or itching develops under the bandage, stop using the ointment.