Children may not be
aware of cold temperatures. Parents need to understand the
ways in which the body loses heat and:
Limit the amount of time a child is out in
cold, wet, or windy weather.
Dress children appropriately for the
weather conditions. Remember C-O-L-D:
Cover your child's
head, neck, and face as much as possible since a lot of heat loss can occur in
these areas. These areas are also at risk for frostnip or
frostbite. Apply lip protection.
Overexertion (being too active) can cause your child to sweat
and chill more quickly. Sweating causes clothing to become damp and increases
Layers of clothing will keep your
child warm and protect your child best against wind and cold
Dry is key in preventing cold
injury. Keeping your child dry with waterproof clothing reduces heat
Keep close watch on your children's body heat
even in the summer when they are swimming in a lake or pool for a long
Teach children to avoid touching cold metal with bare hands
or licking extremely cold metal objects. Cold is transmitted more easily
through metal and increases the risk of a cold injury, such as frostbite. Also,
your child's tongue might stick to the cold metal and be difficult to
Be aware that some states fund programs to help low-income
families add insulation or "weatherize" their homes to keep the family warm. Also, some low-income families may qualify for help in paying their heating
bills. Contact your state or local energy agency or the local power or gas
company for more information.
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
November 14, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this