Review this topic before you need it. Then, when you are faced with an emergency or injury, you will know what to do. Your confidence in dealing with both major and minor emergencies will be reassuring to an injured person.
Some of the medical emergencies you may find helpful to review are:
- Bleeding. See the topic Cuts.
- Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR).
- Chest Problems.
- Choking Rescue Procedure (Heimlich Maneuver). See this topic for pictures of the Heimlich maneuver for babies and for adults. For tips to avoid choking, see preventing choking.
- Head Injury, Age 3 and Younger.
- Head Injury, Age 4 and Older.
- Heart Attack and Unstable Angina.
When an emergency occurs
Steps to take when an emergency occurs:
- Take a deep breath.
- Count to 10. Tell yourself you can handle the situation.
- Check for danger. Protect yourself and the injured person from fire, explosions, or other hazards.
- Try to look at the situation as a whole.
- What is the most serious problem and what do you need to do first? The most obvious problem is not always the most serious.
- Treat the most life-threatening problems like bleeding or shock first.
- If you think the person has a spinal injury, do not move him or her unless the danger is great.
- Check for broken bones and other injuries.
If the person is unconscious or does not respond to your voice or touch, be ready to start CPR. (See the CPR section of this topic.)
See tips on how to prepare for the emergency room.