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Dealing With Emergencies - CPR

For an adult or an older child who has reached puberty continued...

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Positioning your arms and body for doing chest compressions:

  • Straighten your arms, lock your elbows, and center your shoulders directly over your hands.
  • Press down in a steady rhythm, using your body weight. The force from each thrust should go straight down onto the breastbone, pressing it down at least 2 in. (5 cm). Be sure to let the chest re-expand at the end of each compression.
  • If you are not trained in CPR, give at least 100 chest compressions a minute. Push hard and push "fast." (Fast means to push between 1 and 2 times a second.)
  • If you are trained in CPR, see Step 3: Start rescue breaths.
  • Keep giving at least 100 chest compressions a minute until help arrives or the person is breathing normally.

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For a child 1 year of age to puberty

  • Kneel next to the child.
  • Use your fingers to locate the end of the child's breastbone, where the ribs come together.
  • Place two fingers at the tip of the breastbone.
  • Place the heel of the other hand just above your fingers (on the side closest to the child’s face).
  • Use the heel of one hand to give compressions. If you need more force for a larger child, use both hands as you would for an adult.

Positioning your arms and body for doing chest compressions:

  • Straighten your arm, lock your elbow, and center your shoulders directly over your hand.
  • Press down in a steady rhythm, using your body weight. The force from each thrust should go straight down onto the breastbone, pressing down at least one-third of the depth of the child's chest [about 2 in. (5 cm)]. Be sure to let the chest re-expand at the end of each compression.
  • Give at least 100 chest compressions a minute. Push hard and push "fast." (Fast means to push between 1 and 2 times a second.)
  • Rescue breathing is more important to do for children and babies than adults. Give 30 compressions to 2 breaths. See step 3: Rescue breaths.
  • Repeat the cycle of 30 compressions and 2 rescue breaths until help arrives or the child is breathing normally.
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