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First Aid & Emergencies

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Dealing With Emergencies - CPR

For a baby younger than 1 year

  • Kneel or stand next to the baby after putting him or her on a flat surface.
  • Picture a line connecting the nipples, and place two fingers on the baby's breastbone just below that line.
  • Use just your two fingers to press the chest down at least one-third of the depth of the baby's chest [about 1.5 in. (4 cm)]. Be sure to let the chest re-expand at the end of each compression. See a picture of hand placement for baby CPR camera.gif.
  • Give at least 100 chest compressions a minute. Push hard and push "fast." (Fast means to push between 1 and 2 times a second.)
  • Rescue breathing is more important to do for children and babies than adults. Give 30 compressions to 2 breaths. See step 3: Rescue breaths.
  • Repeat the cycle of 30 compressions and 2 rescue breaths until help arrives or the baby is breathing normally.

Step 3: Rescue breaths.


If you are not trained in CPR, it's okay to only give chest compressions. Studies have shown that CPR can work well with chest compressions alone.

Rescue breathing is more important to do for children and babies than adults.

If you are trained in CPR:

  • Give 30 compressions, then 2 rescue breaths.
  • Repeat the cycle of 30 compressions and 2 rescue breaths until help arrives or the person is breathing normally.

There may be a pocket mask at a nearby first aid station or in a first aid kit. You can use the mask to give rescue breaths, but don't delay starting CPR to find one.


To give rescue breaths:

  • Put one hand on the person's forehead.
  • Pinch the person's nostrils shut with your thumb and finger.
  • Put the fingers of your other hand under the bony part of the lower jaw near the chin. Tilt the chin upward to keep the airway open. Do not tilt the head if you think there is a neck injury.
  • Take a normal breath (not a deep one), and place your mouth over the person's mouth, making a tight seal. For a baby, place your mouth over the baby's mouth and nose. Blow into the person's mouth for 1 second, and watch to see if the person's chest rises. See a picture of rescue breathing for a baby camera.gif.
  • If the chest does not rise, tilt the person's head again, and give another breath.
  • Between rescue breaths, remove your mouth from the person's mouth and take a normal breath. Let his or her chest fall, and feel the air escape.
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