Most minor coral scrapes or
cuts can be treated at home.
Wash the wound for 5 minutes with a soft brush
or towel and large amounts of warm water and soap (mild dishwashing soap, such
as Ivory, works well). Cleaning the wound as soon as possible may reduce the
risk of infection, scarring, and tattooing of the skin from coral material left
in the wound.
After washing, rinse the wound with a
large amount of fresh water.
After rinsing with fresh water, rinse
the wound again with a solution of one-half hydrogen peroxide and one-half
After rinsing with a solution of one-half hydrogen peroxide
and one-half water, rinse again with fresh water.
Use an antibiotic ointment, such as
polymyxin B sulfate (for example, Polysporin) or bacitracin. Put the ointment
lightly on the wound. The ointment will keep a bandage from sticking to the
wound. Be sure to read the product label about skin sensitivity. If a skin rash
or itching under the bandage develops, stop using the ointment. The rash may
mean you had an allergic reaction to the ointment. Antibiotic ointments that
contain neomycin may have an increased risk of causing an allergic reaction.
Consider bandaging the wound. You may need to protect your wound
from getting dirty or irritated. If available, use a nonstick dressing. Be sure
to read the product label for correct use.
Clean the wound thoroughly before bandaging
it to reduce the risk of infection occurring under the
Apply a clean bandage when it gets wet or soiled to
further help prevent infection.
If a bandage is stuck to a scab,
soak it in warm water to soften the scab and make the bandage easier to
Aspirin (also a nonsteroidal
anti-inflammatory drug), such as Bayer or Bufferin
Talk to your child's doctor before switching back and
forth between doses of acetaminophen and ibuprofen. When you switch between two
medicines, there is a chance your child will get too much medicine.
Be sure to follow these
safety tips when you use a nonprescription medicine:
Carefully read and follow all directions
on the medicine bottle and box.