Antivenom is a medicine that is given to stop snake venom from
binding to tissues and causing serious blood, tissue, or
nervous system problems. Side effects
from antivenom can include rash, itching, wheezing, rapid heart rate, fever, and
DEET is the most effective insect repellant. It can be found in a variety of lotions and sprays and purchased in most drug stores. There has been some concern about the negative effects of using this chemical, particularly for children, but none of the natural plant products are likely to be as reliable.The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that DEET not be used on children younger than two months of age.
Picaridin is a plant-derived compound and is also somewhat effective against...
The use of antivenom depends on how much poison was injected
(envenomation) and the type and size of the snake. Large snakes tend
to inject more venom than smaller snakes do. Antivenom is used for mild,
moderate, and severe envenomations.
Dry bites (no venom injected) do not need to be
treated with antivenom.
Mild envenomation bites may cause mild
symptoms, such as slight bleeding, pain, and swelling at the bite.
Moderate envenomations are more
likely to cause symptoms of severe pain, swelling of the whole limb, and
general feelings of illness, such as nausea, vomiting, and weakness.
Severe envenomation symptoms include severe pain, severe swelling,
difficulty breathing, moderate to severe bleeding, and signs of
For best results, antivenom should be given as soon as possible after
the bite. It is usually given within the first 4 hours
after the snakebite and may be effective for 2 weeks or more after the bite.
Serum sickness is a delayed reaction to receiving antivenom and can occur several days or weeks after treatment. Symptoms of serum sickness include fever, chills, rash, muscle aches, joint aches, itching, and blood in the urine. Call your doctor if you have received antivenom medicine and you now have symptoms of serum sickness.