To diagnose a
tendon injury, a doctor will ask questions about your past health and your
symptoms and will do a physical exam. If the injury is related to your use of a
tool or sports equipment, the doctor may ask you to show how you use it.
If your symptoms are severe or do not improve with treatment,
your doctor may want you to have a test, such as an
In most cases, you can treat a
tendon injury at home. To get the best results, start these steps right away:
- Rest the painful area, and avoid any
activity that makes the pain worse.
- Apply ice or cold packs for
10 to 15 minutes at a time, as often as 2 times an hour, for the first 72
hours. Keep using ice as long as it helps.
- Take over-the-counter
pain relievers such as acetaminophen or NSAIDs (such as ibuprofen or naproxen)
if you need them. Be sure to follow the nonprescription medicine precautions. Always take these medicines exactly as prescribed or according to the label.
- Do gentle
range-of-motion exercises and stretching to prevent
As soon as you are better, you can return to your
activity, but take it easy for a while. Don't start at the same level as before
your injury. Build back to your previous level slowly, and stop if it hurts.
Warm up before you exercise, and do some gentle stretching afterward. After the
activity, apply ice to prevent pain and swelling.
If these steps
don't help, your doctor may suggest physical therapy. If the injury is severe
or long-lasting, your doctor may have you use a splint, brace , or cast to hold
the tendon still.
It may take
weeks or months for a tendon injury to heal. Be patient, and stay with your
treatment. If you start using the injured tendon too soon, it can lead to more
To keep from hurting your tendon again, you may need to
make some long-term changes to your activities.
- Try changing your activities or how you do
them. For example, if running caused the injury, try swimming some days. If the
way you use a tool is the problem, try switching hands or changing your grip.
- If exercise caused the problem, take lessons or ask a trainer or
pro to check your technique.
- If your job caused the tendon injury,
ask your human resource department if there are other ways to do your
- Always take time to warm up before and stretch after you