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    First Aid & Emergencies

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    Toothache Treatment

    1. Clean Mouth

    • Have the person rinse mouth with warm water.
    • The person should gently floss teeth to remove food particles from area.

    2. Control Swelling and Pain

    • Apply a cool compress to outside of mouth or cheek.
    • Do not put aspirin against gums near aching tooth. It can burn gum tissue.

    3. When to See a Dentist

    See a dentist if:

    • The person has any pain whether it resolves or not. Even short lived pain can indicate a dental problem that needs attention.

    4. Follow Up

    If you seek dental care:

    • The dentist will examine the person's teeth and may take an X-ray in order to diagnose the origin of the pain and make treatment recommendations.
    • If there are signs of infection, the dentist may prescribe an antibiotic.
    • Treatment for TMJ may include a mouth guard to prevent tooth grinding, stress reduction techniques, or surgery.

    WebMD Medical Reference

    Reviewed by Alfred D. Wyatt Jr., DMD on February 03, 2016

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