Numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or legs -- especially on just one side of the body
Slurred or unusual speech
Trouble seeing in one or both eyes
Trouble walking, dizziness, or balance problems
1. Note Time When Symptoms First Appeared
Tell emergency personnel the exact time when you first noticed symptoms.
If the person is having a stroke instead of a transient ischemic attack (TIA), there is a medicine that may reduce long-term effects if given within four and a half hours of the first symptom appearing. Sooner is better.
If the person is diabetic, check the blood glucose (sugar) level. Treat low glucose with a glucose tablet, glass of orange juice or other sugary drink or food, or a glucagon injection if the person is not able to swallow.
2. Follow Up
A doctor will examine the person and run tests to confirm TIA. Tests may include an MRI or a CT scan.
Treatment may include medication, lifestyle changes, and possibly surgery to reduce the risk of stroke.