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Transient Ischemic Attack Treatment

Call 911 if the person has any of the following symptoms :

  • Numbness or weakness of the face, arm, or legs -- especially on just one side of the body
  • Slurred or unusual speech
  • Trouble seeing in one or both eyes
  • Trouble walking, dizziness, or balance problems
  • Sudden confusion
  • Severe headache

1. Note Time When Symptoms First Appeared

  • Tell emergency personnel the exact time when you first noticed symptoms.
  • If the person is having a stroke instead of a transient ischemic attack (TIA), there is a medicine that may reduce long-term effects if given within four and a half hours of the first symptom appearing. Sooner is better.
  • If the person is diabetic, check the blood glucose (sugar) level. Treat low glucose with a glucose tablet, glass of orange juice or other sugary drink or food, or a glucagon injection if the person is not able to swallow.

 

 

2. Follow Up

  • A doctor will examine the person and run tests to confirm TIA. Tests may include an MRI or a CT scan.
  • Treatment may include medication, lifestyle changes, and possibly surgery to reduce the risk of stroke.

WebMD Medical Reference

Reviewed by Scott Keller, MD on November 21, 2013

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