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    The best preparation for safe bicycle riding is proper training.

    • Common resources include an experienced rider, parent, or community program.
    • Often, however, initial training involves simple instruction from parents on balance and pedaling.
    • Proper supervision of younger riders is a prerequisite. In fact, it is recommended that younger children ride only in enclosed areas.

    Early investment in safety equipment such as protective clothing and a helmet can prevent a significant number of injuries.

    • Helmets - Extremely important
    • Reflective clothing for nighttime or low-visibility conditions
    • Bicycle safety equipment (reflectors on frame and wheels)
    • Proper bicycle selection
    • Bicycle maintenance

    Bicycling safety guidelines

    Understanding and following these guidelines can further reduce the risk of a bicycle accident.

    • Use a bicycle only in a way that is appropriate for the age of the rider.
    • Be aware of the need for experience and skill before bicycling on public roads.
    • All bicyclists should be educated about the rules of the road.
    • Be aware of the understanding among bicyclists and motorists about sharing the road.
    • Promote and ensure safe motorist and bicyclist practices (proper speed, yielding right-of-way, not driving while drinking).
    • Teach increased awareness of surroundings. (Beware of opening car doors, sewer grating, debris on roads, uneven surfaces, poorly lit areas.)
    • Obey traffic rules.
      • Cyclists must follow the same rules as motorists. Use correct hand signals before turning.
      • Because we are all sharing the same road, obeying the rules of the road will allow for an enjoyable and safe ride for both bicyclists and motorists.
    • Ride in single file with traffic, not against it.
    • Avoid major roads and sidewalks.
    • Announce your presence ("On your left") on bike and walking trails as you come up behind and pass pedestrians and other riders.
    • Enforcement and legislation can increase bicycle safety.
      • Mandating use of protective devices (helmets, reflectors)
      • Bicycle-friendly community and community planning, for example establishing bicycle lanes and bike trails or rails-to-trails

    WebMD Medical Reference from eMedicineHealth

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