Doing the Perfect Push-up
Could the push-up be the "perfect exercise"? Here's what it can do for you, and how to get it right.
The Perfect Push-up Gadgets: What Works
Although the push-up doesn't require any equipment at all, that doesn't mean
it hasn't found its way into a late-night infomercial or two. There are a
variety of push-up gadgets on the market, designed to put variety into your
routine. Most are based on some of type of handle you hang on to during the
exercise -- and it might surprise you to learn that experts say they can
"They provide variation in your workout, plus the basic handle design is
especially good for anyone who has an issue with keeping their wrists fully
extended," says Ross.
Taking the handle concept a step further are devices like the one called the
"Perfect Pushup," which incorporate a swiveling action. By rotating the arms
while lifting the body, you may be able to increase your range of motion, which
in turn increases benefits, Schlifstein says.
Even without gadgets, experts say, you can put variety into your push-up
routine by changing up your positions. For example, there's the one-handed
push-up, though experts say it's not for the faint of heart.
"This requires not only upper body strength, but also a very good sense of
balance, so you really have to be in pretty good shape to try this," says
Another advanced option: With your hands on the floor, elevate your feet on
a low bench behind you as you do push-ups. "It's an amazing workout, but I
don't recommend anyone try this unless they have really mastered a regular
floor push-up," says Bottesch.
A word of caution: If you feel pain
while doing any type of push-up, particularly if the discomfort is focused on
one joint, stop working out and talk to your doctor, Bottesch says. And if you
have shoulder or elbow issues, including any previous injuries to those areas,
Bottesch says push-ups may not be the exercise for you.
6 More Perfect Push-up Tips From the Pros
Here are six more tips from the exercise experts to help you perfect your
- Keep making small changes in your routine, like angling your hands or
changing how far apart they are. This will ensure that you keep gaining
- When starting out, use a "spotter" -- someone to watch the angle of your
body. If that's not possible, do your push-ups next to a mirror where you can
turn your head and catch a glimpse of your form.
- As you lower yourself toward the ground, the first thing that should graze
the floor is your chest. If your hips or legs come down first, you're doing it
- For toning muscles (and for smooth, jiggle-free upper arms) you need more
repetitions with less body weight, so go for push-ups on your knees or standing
at a wall.
- To build muscle mass in your upper arms and back, go for fewer reps with
maximum weight load. Do push-ups with your legs straight out, and bring your
chest no lower than 2 inches from the ground.
- Remember that while a push-up helps tone muscles body-wide, it doesn't
offer much in the way of cardio benefits, and it won't help develop the "pull"
muscles in your back. So be sure to include other exercises in your regular