Get Stronger and Leaner With Cross Training
Using the technique favored by pro athletes can get you better results and fewer injuries.
How Cross Training Is Done
So what's the best way to achieve cross training?
It could mean doing two or more different types of exercises during a single workout session. For example, Herrera says, "a yoga or Pilates class will incorporate the components of strength development and flexibility in the same workout session, while an indoor cycling class will develop the musculature of the legs while improving aerobic capacity."
It can also mean performing a single type of workout during each session, but varying what you do from session to session, Schlifstein says.
"You can concentrate on cardio during one session, strength training and balance in another, and flexibility in still another," he tells WebMD. "Then just keep mixing up the combinations so your body has variety and you don't get bored with your routine."
Because variation is key to cross training, it's easy to confuse it with the rotating workouts involved in "circuit training" (in which participants move right from one exercise to another, like jogging for a few minutes in between different weight training exercises). But experts say the two aren't necessarily the same.
"Generally speaking, circuit training is just doing one exercise after another, but that doesn't always ensure that the routine is incorporating strength training, cardio, flexibility and balance," says Schlifstein.
For true cross training, Herrera says, you must "utilize many activities to ensure complete fitness gains."
Putting Cross Training to Work
Still not sure where to begin? We used advice from our experts, along with data from the journal The Physician and Sportsmedicine, to create the following sample cross-training routine.
If you have lots of time for fitness, you can do one session per day. If you normally work out only twice weekly, you can just do two of the sessions per week. Remember, however, to check with your doctor before you begin cross training -- even if you've been exercising regularly.
Session 1: Walk briskly for about 20 minutes, adding hand weights to increase the impact. Also do stretching for 5-10 minutes, then lift weights or use resistance bands for upper body strength for 20-30 minutes.
Session 2: Jog at a steady pace for 20 minutes; stretch for 5-10 minutes; do weight training or any other exercise that builds lower body strength for 30 minutes.
Session 3: Swim for 20-30 minutes; then do yoga, Pilates, dance, or another activity that enhances balance and flexibility, for 20-30 minutes.
Session 4: Use an exercise bike, rowing machine, or cross-country skiing machine for 20-30 minutes; stretch for 10 minutes.
Session 5: Walk briskly for 20 minutes; then train both your upper and lower body using weights or resistance bands for 20 minutes.
Session 6: Jog at a varied pace for 30 minutes; stretch for 10 minutes.
Session 7: Walk at a comfortable pace for 30-45 minutes; then do yoga or Pilates for 20-30 minutes.